Zygomatic implants: definition and characteristics
Zygomatic implants are a type of dental implant that is placed when there has been a great loss of bone structure, and its regeneration is not possible. A loss of bone structure can occur when a person has been without teeth for quite some time. There has been no stimulation, and the bone has been reabsorbed.
In these cases, to be able to rehabilitate the dentition. Evaluating the use of zygomatic implants is necessary. In this article, we are going to discover what zygomatic dental implants. So that, you know more deeply this technique of dentistry.
What are zygomatic implants?
When the mouth of a patient has experienced extensive bone loss, it is when the placement of zygomatic dental implants is evaluated. Advanced bone loss can occur in people who have experienced these situations:
- Periodontal disease
- Use of dentures
- Age is also an important factor and can cause the bone to be reabsorbed.
Normally, the dentist will be in charge of assessing whether he can undergo grafts or maxillary sinus elevations. If this is not the case, he/she will opt for the placement of zygomatic dental implants.
Main characteristics of these implants
The essential difference exists between the zygomatic dental implants. The most common ones are that the first ones are placed through the oral cavity, but they are anchored in the zygomatic bone.
This means that the implants are longer than the best known and that they tend to measure from 35 to 55 mm (while the most common ones measure a maximum of 18 mm).
When should opt for zygomatic implants?
It is not a very common technique because it is a complex treatment and can be somewhat invasive. These implants are usually recommended when you have to rehabilitate the arcade of a patient who experiences a large bone loss in the maxilla.
We must always follow the prescription of the health professional to know which treatment is the most appropriate for us. Although it is not a very common treatment, the truth is that the bone where the implants are placed in optimal to allow integration of the implants. Therefore, it has a great success rate in the long term.
The placement of zygomatic implants
To be able to place these implants, you must go to the consultation of a professional. So that, the necessary tests for the personalized planning of the surgery are carried out. It is an intervention performed with local anesthesia and depending on the needs of each patient. It can be done with conscious sedation as well.
This type of implant allows the prosthesis to be placed immediately. The patient will be able to enjoy his new fixed denture the same day of the intervention. However, it is common for the specialist to fix a provisional prosthesis until the gum tissue and the bone tissues have healed.
A specialist must prescribe this type of implant. It is a treatment that is indicated only in the case where there is a great lack of bone in the upper jaw. First the professional must assess if there is any other possibility before the placement of these implants: such as the bone graft or maxillary sinus lift. If this is not the case, it is when you can opt for zygomatic implants.
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